Can Adam And Eve Truly Account For Human Genetic Diversity


Christian theology teaches that the first humans were Adam and Eve respectfully.  The human race started with these 2 and created the wide-spread diversity that is now found among the human race as we know it today. Many in the Christian world believe that the human race started with these 2 and no one else. That their children married and had children and the human race began to grow and multiply and replenish the earth. I can’t help but wonder how much truth is contained in this mythology of the christian religion. Now I am not saying that Adam and Eve did not exist and were not real and we simply evolved from another species of primitive humans, though that theory certainly has merit. It is certainly plausible that we did evolve and Adam and Eve were the first of the human species as we know it today.

Throughout early Genesis we read of Adam and Eve’s sons taking wives but no mention of who these wives relations are, while much later in the bible when one takes a wife often the name and relations are mentions. In Genesis chapter 4 we read of Cain going to live in the land of Nod east of Eden and he having a wife and bearing children. Cain was among the first generations mentioned in the bible after Adam and Eve, would he have married his sister or niece? What was this land of Nod and who were the people who lived there.

While it is clear that Adam and Eve had many children both sons and daughters it is not clear what the relations between this first generation of children were and their wives. If they had married in the family they could not of married cousins as Adam and Eve had no brothers or sisters who had children recorded if we are to assume the record is complete. The only other conclusions is that in order for the second generation of children to be born after Adam and Eve the first generations would have had to marry each other as brother and sister. Cain was a direct son of Adam and Eve but who was his wife? Was she a daughter of Adam and eve? Was she the daughter of one of his siblings? Did he marry and sister or a niece as that logically would have been the only alternative, he did not have any cousins as Adam and Eve had no brothers and sisters.

In my mind that simply does not make sense. The idea of brothers marrying sisters and men marrying their nieces or daughters cannot possibly be the truth. In my experiences if it does not make sense then it probably is not the truth.

It has been shown via scientific genetic biology that if brother and sisters were to marry and their kids marry and so forth and so on that genetic mutations and deformities happen resulting from DNA that is to close. This is common knowledge when it comes to genetics. One then wonders whether Adam and Eve were truly the only first humans.

Adam and Eve are certainly the first of the humans but is it not also possible that others followed them after the creations. Is it not also Possible that God created other humans in the same manner as Adam and Eve to ensure the genetic diversity needed to supply the human race with the needed genetic pool. Just like in science, lack of proof or record of this does not prove the non exsitense of this face in earthly history.

Genesis 1:26-27

26 ¶And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

This passage of scripture in no way tells what methods used to create the human species, nor does the biblical account of the creation explain in any way what was happening outside the garden. Could humans have been evolving outside the garden while Adam and Eve were still in the Garden. Perhaps Adam and Eve need to be created seperate from the evolution of the human species as the mother and father of the human family needed to be fully pure to start the species. After all everything in the garden was pure in its entirety as the starting point. God created man but we do not know how. It is also important to note that God created man then put him in the Garden. Could Adam and Eve have evolved as biologist believe and then placed in the garden?

I know this is all just speculation but it does make me wonder about the specifics and details of how Adam and Eve came to be and whether or not they were the only first humans.

When all is said and done however the answer to these questions while certainly intriguing are not important to our eternal welfare and exaltation. The day will come when we will know all things. No matter how you dice and slice it and what theories or hypothesis you come up with Adam and Eve will always be the starting point of mankind. They will always be the first of the human race and thus will always be the mother and father of mankind.

And that is the gospel according to Andrew


The Thirteenth Article of Faith


We believe in being Honest, True and chased by an elephant.


Ok not really. I know it’s a  cheesy and lame, and corny joke to start off this final installment of the articles of faith series. But then again I am a cheesy, lame and corny guy.

This is how the 13th article of faith really goes.

We believe in being honest, true, chaste, benevolent, virtuous, and in doing good to all men; indeed, we may say that we follow the admonition of Paul—We believe all things, we hope all things, we have endured many things, and hope to be able to endure all things. If there is anything virtuous, lovely, or of good report or praiseworthy, we seek after these things.

This article of faith really talks about one’s character and integrity. Highlighting some important character traits that we all should strive to have within our personal lives.

Honesty is a critical part of being Godly people. This goes along with being true. This is also something that is sorely lacking in our world in all aspects of people’s lives. I work in customer service and have heard every story and alibi in existence for not paying bills and trying to avoid the penalties of contract termination. People will say and do anything to avoid doing something they do not want to do. Honesty however is more than just telling the truth. Even truth can be twisted to deceive and lead one to a conclusion that is not true. Just look at your average political campaign as an example of this.

When I was a kid I would often take money to school to buy food and not take a lunch. The question I was often asked was “What are you taking for lunch?” Typically without fail my response would be “There are sandwiches at the school store.” While that statement is true, the intent was to lead one to believe that I was planning on buying a sandwich for lunch when in fact I would usually purchase junk food and pop. This was not being honest as while I stated a truth the message delivered was not truth.

Chaste can be defined as free from obscenity and decent. We believe in living lives that are pure and decent in all that we do, say and in how we dress and present ourselves. We must live so that we can stand before God on that final day and say “I have lived a pure and holy life”. Living a chaste life in this world is increasingly more difficult as we are bombarded with unchaste media, clothing, attitudes and ideologies. This idea of Chaste goes hand in hand with being Virtuous. Leading by example and living a pure life in harmony with the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

Being benevolent and doing good to all man is pure charity. We as Latter day saints should be anxiously engaged in a good cause and helping those in need and we should have charity in our hearts at all times. When we live so that we can look on others with compassion we will be blessed beyond measure. The prompting to help others can come at the most inconvenient times.

I recall a day when I was waiting for the bus at a transit center in town. A young man was on the payphone talking to what apparently was his brother. Though I only got one side of the conversation it was clearly a situation I could have helped in,  however I failed to act on the prompting. I could hear the desperation in this man’s voice as he said to his brother

“Please man, I have nowhere to go or stay, I don’t want to sleep on the streets tonight , we’re brothers why won’t you help me out. Please my bus does not leave till the morning and It’s so cold out tonight I can’t sleep on the street”

Overhearing this conversation I felt the urge to offer to go downtown with this man and pay for a hotel room for the night. I did not have the courage to act on it and by the time I finally decided to act on the prompting it was too late, he left and I could not find him again. To this day I regret not acting on the prompting and help this man. How sad for me and how sad for him. I hope that next time I will have the courage to act and not push it aside.

Believing hoping and enduring to the end are key components of this article of faith as well as the gospel.
We are sent here to be tried and tested and to see if we can endure to the end. Enduring many things and hoping to endure all things is the trials we will face and have faced in this mortal life. It is through the trials of life that we not only grow and mature physically and mentally but also spiritually. Trials like the refiners fire bring out the best in us. After all carbon does not become a diamond without immense pressure first.

If there is anything virtuous, lovely, or of good report or praiseworthy, we seek after these things. Seeking the good in life should be a goal for all of us. When we focus on the uplifting and the positive we will be happier people and live a longer and healthier life. This is not to say that we should ignore the bad. However if we focus on the good we can then take the positive mindset to focus on changing the bad into the good.

I know that I am certainly far from perfect when it comes to following this article of faith in its entirety. I have fallen short of it many times. It is not in our failings however that we are measured in God’s eye but in our successes. God will look upon our hearts and actions and all he asks is that we work hard to live his gospel and seek continual improvement. This article of faith is about living the best and most righteous life we can. That is all God really expects of us. It is all we can expect of ourselves.

And that is the Gospel according to Andrew